In the back of my book "The Greatest Moment In Human History," I offer the reader ideas about how each one of us can positively contribute to improving the state of the planet. One of these ideas is raising the blades on your lawn mower.
Now, how can raising the blades on your lawn mower help the planet?
The first way is by reducing water usage. When you have a higher turf, more water is retained in the soil. It does not evaporate as it would if the water were sitting on top of the mud or dirt. The water is absorbed deep into the root system and into the turf where it can be absorbed into the ground more gradually. This means less need for irrigation and human intervention. By simply allowing the rain to soak into your soil and maximizing what nature is already providing, you will reduce the time and money you are spending on watering your lawn, particularly in the hot summer months.
To do this, my general rule of thumb is this:
Beyond reducing your need to water, you will find that raising the blades also reduces and may even eliminate the need for any chemical application. When the turf is thicker and taller, you will find less need for chemical intervention to keep your lawn looking green and healthy. This is because trimming the lawn very short creates more stress on the grass, thus creating an unhealthy appearance. Many people then want to improve the quality of the lawn, so they reach out to a variety of chemical processes to make the grass appear greener. If you are doing this, please reconsider. The problem may not be the grass. It may be the way you are maintaining - or rather over maintaining - it. When the turf is allowed to grow, it is thicker. The extra height will improve the grass quality, making it hardier, and, therefore, reducing the need for anything extra to help it grow.
A taller, hardier turf also means more life and protein in your lawn. If left a bit taller, you will find that insects favor grass that is a bit taller. Crickets, ants, grasshoppers, helpful beetles, worms, and other vital insects will grow and thrive in a thicker turf. These insects add vital proteins to the soil which will feed the grass organically, without the use of chemical fertilizers and other man-made products. We may not like these insects, but they’re actually very helpful for the soil. Not only do they "feed the grass," they also create tunnels through the roots and turf which aid the growth of the grass and improve soil quality through natural aeration.
Insects also act as vital food for birds. If you’re a bird watcher, having a taller turf and more insects will organically and naturally attract more birds into your lawn without the use of feeders or seeds which require more work and energy on your part, and can also disrupt the natural migration of certain species. Why not take a break and let Mother Nature feed the birds without any help from you? You may find that a taller turf can save time, money, and energy with the added benefit of allowing for the natural cycle and migration of birds as they feed off the beneficial proteins in your lawn.
Think that a shorter lawn means that you need to cut it less often? Think again. Consider that by raising the blades on the lawn mower, you may be able to cut the grass less frequently. This is because a turf that is only an inch or inch and a half tall will look like it’s growing faster than grass that may be a couple of inches taller. Therefore, the shorter the turf the more frequently you will be tempted to cut the lawn to maintain that even appearance, versus a taller turf where you won't notice the slight imperfections as much.
As if all of this isn't reason enough, cutting the lawn when it's taller and less often results in less gasoline usage. Since lawnmowers create a great deal of emissions, cutting the lawn less frequently lowers the amount of pollution emitted. When you cut your lawn, you are creating more pollution per gallon than driving your car. Cutting less often equals less environmental pollution. It seems hard to imagine, but this one simple trick of raising the blades reduces water usage, reduces gasoline usage, lowers emissions, and makes your lawn look better and healthier with less work on your part!
A taller turf also results in more water absorption into the soil, reducing run off into sewers, ridding your lawn of puddles and mud, and lowering the amount of erosion. This improves the overall aesthetics of your yard and your home.
To really help your lawn, you may also want to try planting a tree or two. Trees draw more water into the root system which pulls the water down into the soil and can, in turn, aid the surrounding grasses. I found this out one year as I planted a tree in an area of my lawn that was experiencing extremely poor soil quality. After planting the tree, I noticed an immediate improvement in the quality of the soil, the health of the grass, and the overall quality of that area which previously looked terrible with a great deal of water runoff and erosion. The tree provided vital shade, reduced water run off, and increased water absorption. That part of my yard is now healthy and thriving, just by planting one tree, and the tree itself adds beauty and variety to what was previously an area that was sparse and underutilized.
One final thought for those of you who are dog lovers like me. When we chemically treat our lawns, animals ingest those chemicals. Scientists are finding that golden retrievers are dying earlier, and over 80% of these deaths are related to cancer. One of the possible culprits are chemicals that are being applied to residential lawns. Golden retrievers in particular like to eat and walk on grass. When they ingest these chemically treated grasses or walk on them with their paws, these chemicals are absorbed into the golden retrievers' bloodstream and overall physiology. Some scientists are finding that these chemicals are linked to cancer and early deaths and that certain breeds such as golden retrievers are particularly sensitive to these chemicals. If you love dogs and are concerned about the health and well-being of animals and even children who may be more susceptible to chemicals, consider halting the application of chemical treatments and at the same time advocating for the adoption of some natural methods - like raising the blades - which improve the condition of your lawn organically.
Bees, butterflies, and other pollinators are also adversely impacted by the application of these chemical treatments. They feed off of those chemicals, and this may in part contribute to what is termed "colony collapse disorder" in bees, a term which seems to imply that the bees have something wrong with them when it's really the application of man-made chemicals that is at least in part responsible for their declining numbers. Want to help vital pollinators? Well, it's easy. Raise the blades!
To summarize, if you want to see more birds, help critical pollinators like bees and butterflies, have a more attractive and healthier lawn, save money, have more time for things you actually enjoy, lower emissions, decrease water usage, and reduce the amount of pesticides and harmful chemicals, consider this one simple trick. Raise the blades, and you'll be amazed at how working fewer hours and spending less money on your turf actually improves it!
Imagine if everyone today who is over-cutting their lawn used this one simple idea. It would have a huge impact on the planet. One person can make a difference. It just takes doing things differently. And just think when your neighbors see you do this how much more inclined they will be to do this as well.
Still think one person can't change the world? Think again.
It's a good day for staying in. I love days like this every now and then. Rainy. Dark. Still. It reminds me it's okay to take it easy. Nature has its seasons and its cycles, and so do we. There's no need to rush all the time. Change is coming. It always is when it rains like this. Sometimes it snows. The trees are saturated. every inch of their bark is wet. That must feel wonderful to a tree. They seem happy in the rain. They can take a long pause and let their processes flow effortlessly.
The rain brings change without force and without self-will. And so it is. It's not a sharp ending. It's a gradual shift, and every increment is a reality. There is a very profound meaning in that if you meditate on it. We are more tree than IT. We are happiest in the flow. Humans created four seasons. We like knives and boxes, don't we. But that is random. It's just language. Categories are language, and most "disciplines" are nothing more than language and motor skills.
You know how to impress someone? Speak a language they don't understand. Nature has many languages we don't know and are, apparently, uninterested in observing. Because we don't speak them, we dismiss them. We destroy them, just like the colonists destroyed the indigenous peoples, just because they were different, just because they didn't understand them. It is a great tragedy and misfortune, the destruction of a species or group of people.
When will we seek balance? When will we allow species to roam free as they were divinely intended to do? Control and eradication are nothing more than fear. We put the orangutan in a prison to observe because we fear. We study. Why do we do this? Even the crocodile has the same basic skeletal structure as a human. Even a frog and a rabbit has the same basic form and symmetry. Ponder this some time. You will see that all categories and sub-classifications are nothing more than language, and that they are totally unnecessary.
The Native Americans understood this. Some used the term "brother wolf." The settlers found this naive. But the Native Americans tribes were right. And they had a better understanding of the wolf because they comprehended the similarities instead of fearing the differences. They did not fear the wolf, though the wolf was a different species, but the settlers feared the Native Americans though they were so much the same.
We think nature is fear. Nature has no fear. In nature there is only threat and response, or complete and total repose. That's it. Humans fear. Why? Because somehow our evaluation went the path of reinforcing differences over similarities. We think it's intelligence. It really isn't.
My favorite art form is pen and ink. In pen and ink, you see the form and structure. There is no distraction. When observing skeletons, it's much the same. Walk through a natural history museum, and you will see the form and structure. Try it sometime. Walk around and see if you observe the pattern. Look at two human skeletons side by side. There is no black and white. There is no male or female. There is no hair color, eye color, etc . . . You won't notice them on a dog or cat or dinosaur either. But what you will notice is that we are not so different. We are essentially the same. Then what gives us the right to over-populate the planet, conquer, displace, or eradicate another species or even another group of people so much like ourselves?
Some day we will scale it back. That would be the true march of progress: get our trash out of the ocean, clean our air, sleep like normal human beings again, eat actual food with seeds in it, and, for God's sake, let other species live where they were intended to live.
Water is amazing. Yes, water, that magical substance that we all seem to take for granted. I was thinking about water one day and why humans need water. When we look at the chemical composition of water, it’s H20. That is two hydrogen molecules and one oxygen molecule. It seems obvious what we use oxygen for, as it drives every major process in the body. We also breathe oxygen. Because we breathe oxygen, it seems to make sense that we could also drink oxygen.
But hydrogen? What the heck do we use hydrogen for? And what the heck is hydrogen for that matter?
For those who remember their history, you may recall that the Hindenburg was a blimp that the Germans flew sometime in the early 1900s. The blimp was full of hydrogen. Why did the Germans fill the oversized hot air balloon with hydrogen? They did it so it would float. You see, hydrogen is over 90 times lighter than air. Not only that, it is far lighter than even helium, which is used to fill mylar balloons for birthday parties. Hydrogen floats. That's great. However, there is one major drawback to filling blimps with hydrogen, and that problem is that hydrogen also burns . . . really fast!
When the blimp launched, there was spark or flame somewhere on the blimp that triggered a fire. Because hydrogen is highly flammable, the entire blimp disintegrated in a matter of seconds. Film from the incident shows the zeppelin disintegrating in about 37 seconds! The hydrogen made the blimp go up in an unbelievably short amount of time, far less than you would expect. Why did it burn so fast? Because hydrogen is not only super light, it's also a super fuel. Oh yes. It's like a can of pure weightless energy. Hydrogen can be used to power race cars and rocket ships . . . provided they don't explode or catch fire.
If this fuel is more potent than gasoline, why would our bodies possibly need hydrogen? This seems strange. It would be like drinking liquid gasoline which would poison and kill us. And yet all life relies on water, and, therefore, hydrogen. Very odd indeed.
When we (or trees or birds or insects or other mammals) drink water we are consuming two hydrogen molecules to every one oxygen molecule, and that hydrogen is more flammable than gasoline. Amazing that it is made stable by the single oxygen molecule, and amazing that we are able to drink it and actually use it.
How do our bodies use hydrogen? Hydrogen is a lubricant like many other forms of fuel such as gasoline and petroleum products. Therefore, it lubricates our joints and muscles. Beyond that miracle of chemistry and biology, hydrogen also serves a very important function as it is the major fuel for life.
Scientists estimate that over 80% of the universe is made up of hydrogen! It is literally everywhere. When you are flying an airplane over the ocean, you are actually witnessing a huge pool of hydrogen.
When we talk about being thirsty, we say we are "dehydrated." The words hydrated and dehydrated come from the word hydrogen. What does it mean to be dehydrated? It literally means that your body doesn't have enough hydrogen in it!
If hydrogen is a super fuel, a super powerful form of energy, then it serves to reason that many electrical and neurological processes in our bodies require hydrogen to operate optimally. In fact, hydrogen may even be the thing that generates our inner "spark," the actual essence of life itself. Perhaps it is the real fountain of youth. This may even be what Nikola Tesla was referring to when he said that energy is literally all around us all the time. If he was talking about hydrogen and hydrogen makes up 80% of the universe, then he was right!
Why is water the most perfect liquid for all life on Earth? It is because of oxygen and hydrogen, so drink your water, because water is energy. Your body needs it.
Water, . . . so simple and yet so powerful. It is quite possibly the most perfect, most potent energy energy drink known to humans.
THE TRIPLE THREAT
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When I look at the environment, I see three big problems: consumption, population, and pollution. Consumption is what we take in. Population is the multiplier, the number of people currently living on the planet. Pollution is what we put out.
What is consumption? Things like water, air, and food. It's also raw materials like metal and wood, as well as habitat. When we chop down a forest to build a corporate farm, we consume the forest. When a corporation goes in and burns a rainforest that took millions of years to evolve, we consume the rainforest. When a poacher goes in and drives an entire species into extinction, we consume the species. Humans are consuming at a faster rate than ever. Consumption is a big problem.
Population is a big problem. As population increases, biodiversity decreases. What is biodiversity? Basically, it's every other species on the planet except humans. As population increases, biodiversity decreases. Why is that? Well, there are currently over 7 billion people living on this planet, and that number is expected to grow to 9 billion by 2050. People are living longer and reproducing faster. As population increases, people start spreading out. They start pushing for more space and living places they never lived before, pushing their footprint out into more places until we start occupying every square inch of the planet. This creates bigger cities, more pollution, more consumption, more highways, more farms, and less biodiversity. If the current trend continues, all that will be left will be people, corn, and cows. That is not a sustainable environment. Population is a big problem.
Pollution is a big problem. When we create factories, we increase air and water pollution. Our energy needs create pollution as we burn coal into the atmosphere. Transportation creates pollution. We have trash and sewage that creates pollution. Our oceans are filling with plastic. What is plastic doing in the ocean? In 1960, it was estimated that 5% of seabirds had ingested some type of plastic. In 2020, that number has increased to over 90%. There are also less noticed forms of pollution such as light and air pollution that have an impact on natural processes. Pollution is a big problem.
Are these problems getting better? NO! They are getting worse! Consumption is increasing. Population is growing. Pollution is on the rise.
Albert Einstein had a definition for insanity. He said: insanity is doing the same thing and expecting a different result. Do we honestly think we can continue to do what we have always done and these problems will go away on their own? That is the very definition of insanity. To fix these problems, we must do something different.
In my book "The Greatest Moment in Human History" (available on this site), at the back of the book there are a series of questions that prompt the reader to develop an action plan that they can use to make a profound and positive impact on the planet. If the reader doesn't want to ask the questions, there is also a list of actions they can take. These are simple, every day actions that actually save time and save money. Imagine that! Doing something positive for the environment that saves you money and saves you time! Imagine if every person now living - seven billion people - bought a copy of this book and took one simple action. Would that make a positive impact on the planet? YES!
We stand on the cusp of what will either be the most tragic moment in human history or the greatest. It is a choice. My question is: what will be our legacy? What will we do to make the world a better place for ourselves and for future generations? What will you do today to contribute to the greatest moment?
A report by the UN states
According to the World Wildlife Fund’s Living Planet Report of 2018
The 2018 annual report from the International Union for Conservation of Nature publishes, noted 13,482 species on the endangered list. That is nearly twice the number that were reported 2006, and the trend is in all categories (mammals, reptiles, birds, insects, amphibians, mollusks, and fish).
According to the Living Planet Report
Einstein’s definition of insanity is doing the same thing and expecting a different result. Do we continue to operate as we always have? Do we continue on the current trajectory, or do we do something different?
We can all do something. We stand at a crossroad. This is our moment of greatness. What will be your legacy? What action will you take? Read “The Greatest Moment in Human History” to find out how each person really can change the world . . . for the better
This post in in honor of Teddy. Thank you for being such a wonderful and dear companion for over ten years. You proved to me that humans have a great deal more to learn from animals than animals have to learn from us.
You know how I feel about you. I don't have to write that because words are unnecessary with dogs. You just know, like I know how you felt about me. In one word, it would be AWESOME!
You were much more to me than a dog. You were my teacher. Here are just a few of the things you taught me that I want to thank you for and remember, because you weren't just a golden retriever, you had a heart of gold.
Everything is a dog - I remember how you used to view everything as another dog. People were dogs. My dad's goats and sheep in the country were dogs. The insect I found you playing with one time was a dog. Cats were dogs. You didn't care about color, size, shape, age, physical condition, or even species. Everything was a dog to you.
All people have good qualities - If it was the mailman, a plumber, a family member, or even someone I didn't particularly care for who came to visit, you thought that person was amazing. You were like "just look at this guy! Isn't he awesome! He came to see me. He came to play and pet me. I like him. Isn't he great?!"
Be present - On newspaper day, you found the opportunity to pick up the paper in each person's driveway and hand it to me. If there was road kill, you were on it. If I was drifting or getting too deep in my own head, you would nudge me until I woke up. "Hey! check this out! Look at what's right here in front of your face. Pretty cool, huh?" You lived in the present moment, and you urged me there too.
Love them while they're here - You saw a lot of people and dogs come and go, and you didn't stress over it. If one person left, someone else showed up. Then you'd see that person again. Every time you did, you got just as happy as you did the first time you met them. You just enjoyed the time with them as long as it lasted. It was an experience. You enjoyed it. Then you moved on to the next thing. You didn't take any experience for granted. Every experience was like a first experience.
It's the simple things - Whether it was eating, a belly rub, a brushing, a walk, a trip to the park, a romp in a stream, or a camp out in the backyard, it was great. You enjoyed them with your whole being. It wasn't complex. It was simple, and the simple things are the best things in life.
Be there - Sometimes I couldn't sleep. I'd get up at 3:00. You were like "Okay. I guess we're getting up at 3:00 now. Cool. What are we going to do?" You were with me when so many people left my life, and you gave me motivation to get up, go to the park, or just cry. You didn't judge. It was just your being there with me that made the difference. Words were unnecessary. It was your presence that mattered, and you were an excellent listener if I needed to talk. You were there for me if I got sick just like I was there if you got sick. It was just being there, your presence, that meant so much to me, more than words ever could.
Greet everyone - Yes, even the cable guy deserves a great big tail wag and a nose up his butt. Okay, that's a dog thing, but you get my point. When you have a friendly golden, they meet and greet everyone, so you meet and greet everyone. You taught me the importance of greeting every single person I pass by, and you taught it as only a dog could.
Life is fun, so play more - "Look! That's grass. How cool! Let's roll around on it!" "Up for a game of fetch and chase, anyone?" "Here's a dog toy that you spent $15 on. Let's kill it, take the rubber thingy out, and leave stuffing all over the floor!" Yes. Everything was a game. It was all fun and exciting.
It's okay to be a little quirky - We all have our hang ups. You freaked out about different vehicles being parked on the street, a plastic bag blowing in the backyard, and the neighbor's rugs on the back fence. (Okay, that last one freaked me out a little too). They didn't belong there. They were different, it freaked you out, and that's okay. We all have things that freak us out sometimes, and people help us get over them. No judgement needed. It's quirky, and it's okay.
It's all what you make of it - Sun is good. So are the moon, the snow, and the rain. You loved a good romp in the rain and the inevitable towel dry. Digging a newspaper out of the snow was a blast. Walking at night? Awesome! Especially if it was 100 degrees that day. You didn't get upset over the weather. All weather was good. It's just what you make of it.
There's no reason to get upset - When "mean dog" approached you one day, you didn't care. You still wagged your tail. When you saw that dog fight, you just laid there wagging your tail. You didn't react. When the neighbor's pit bulls tried to jump the fence and kill you, barking and growling, you just laid there like "Hey. What's up? Are you having a bad day?" They were mean, but you just sat on the back step wagging your tail. There was no reason at all to react or take on their problems. You could still sit and wag your tail no matter what was going on with them.
Balance - Relationships are give and take. I gave you affection, food, new experiences, walks, playtime, companionship, and so much more I can't even count it all. You gave me affection, loyalty, companionship, fun, presence, love, joy, and so much more I can't even count it all. I learned a lot about give and take and balance in relationships. Who cares if we were different species or if we spoke different languages. You were my little buddy, and I was your big buddy. Maybe this is why they say "human's best friend," because there was balance.
Teddy - you had a heart of gold. I named you Teddy because I saw a show once, and they said "a golden retriever is a teddy bear with a heart." That's when I said to myself "someday I want to have a golden retriever and name him Teddy." And that's just what I did. Thank you Teddy. You taught me a lot. I saw a sign the other day that told me you are happy in your new life. Say hi to Ringo for me, my little Baby Bear, my Teddy Bear, the Chairman of the Neighborhood Beautification Committee, my Little Doggie Flower. You will be missed, but never forgotten. I am writing this blog post so other people will remember you too.
And I know what you'd say if you were here and could talk. "Don't be sad. Go sniff someone else's butt! They're everywhere!"
For years now, I have been looking through my playlists identifying songs that tie into the environmental and conservation themes. As a huge fan of punk, alternative, and wave genres, I have built quite a long playlist. Particularly in the 80’s, musicians were creating art in honor of Mother Nature. They were trying to bring awareness to the impact we are having on the planet as well as the overwhelming need for change.
I’d like to pay homage to some of these amazing songs and artists through this blog. My plan is to update this list as I find more songs that urge change and justice for the world’s indigenous people, endangered species, woodlands, and oceans.
Here are just a few from my playlist in no particular order other than when I started writing them down:
The Talking Heads’ NOTHING BUT FLOWERS
This somewhat hilarious song shows the absurdity of society wanting to grow concrete structures and parking lots over gardens and fields.
Nik Kershaw’s EVERYTHING’S COMING UP ROSES
Though this song never really caught on in popularity, in my opinion, it's one of his best. Kershaw talks about environmental politics in a way that hits you right in the heart. His experimental techno pop infusion manages to bring a tear to my eye every time I hear it.
Peter Gabriel’s RED RAIN
Hidden somewhat behind the flowing verse, it may not be quite so obvious that he’s singing about the corruption of our water source through acid rain.
The Fixx’s RED SKIES
One of the early alternative bands that really kicked off the 80’s experimental movement, this song is one of my all time favorites. You just gotta love that driving beat.
Midnight Oil’s BEDS ARE BURNING
A bit more obvious, this song is an early awareness of climate change. There's a really good question posed in this song: How can we sleep while our beds are burning?
Midnight Oil’s THE DEAD HEART
Talking about the injustice to indigenous people, this song needs little interpretation to understand. I hope this song gets resurrected. It’s so dang good!
Joni Mitchell’s BIG YELLOW TAXI
Okay, so Joni Mitchell predates the 80’s rock movement, but she’s the original. Widely played for decades, this classic song has been remade numerous times, but there’s no substitute for Mitchell’s honest sincere voice.
Robert Palmer’s cover of Marvin Gaye’s MERCY MERCY ME
Surprised to hear that the guy who sang with the red lip ladies in black did a cover of an environmental song? God, I just love Marvin Gaye, and I’m thrilled that Palmer showed his love of this amazing song and artist by doing a cover of it.
The Pretender’s MY CITY WAS GONE
Wanna dance? Well, here it is. Another song you can grove to that rocks the environmental theme, and who doesn’t love Chrissie Hynde’s vocal style as she goes “back to Ohio”? So cool.
Siouxsie and the Banshees’ CITIES IN DUST
This is probably one of the best bands that ever happened that is one of the least played. I still remember the day my college roommate introduced me to Siouxsie Sioux and the most unique voice in rock and roll I ever heard.
The Specials TOO MUCH TOO YOUNG
Anyone up for a little ska? This song talks about the oh so touchy topic of population and poverty. Well, somebody should be talking about it.
Howard Jones LIFE IN ONE DAY
So, even in the 80’s we were all stressed out by social pressure, and it’s only getting worse. This song is a message from HoJo to slow down and enjoy the simple things in life.
The Police SYNCHRONICITY II
For a song that came out a few decades ago, The Police still sound cutting edge. Who doesn’t enjoy the sound of the Lockness Monster played on guitar? Kudos to Sting and Trudie Styler for creating The Rainforest Foundation which helps protect precious rainforests and indigenous peoples in South America. The original music video makes it pretty obvious that they are singing about all the trash we are putting on the planet and in the oceans, but has anyone really heard the message even with Stewart Copeland banging on the drum?
Dramarama WHAT ARE WE GONNA DO?
And now for what is possibly one of the best ever environmental songs that I completely missed in the 80s but definitely should have heard. The simplicity and beauty of this song move me to tears every time I hear it. Listen to him pleading for us to do something. With the wildfires burning the entire continent of Australia and climate reality drowning the historic city of Venice in 2020, what do you guys think about the music industry uniting at this time to bring awareness to climate change and playing these songs (but especially this song) for a very good cause? Could be bigger than Live Aid . . . . Pretty please. Now is the time. If not now, when?
Have some favorites I missed? Please add them in the comments below. The more, the merrier, and I really hope we get more music out there to honor and protect Planet Earth.
Thank you to all who attended the launch party and bought copies of the new book Midnight Train. It was a great night of friends, family, and fun.
Please remember to drop a review and share this book with friends who might also enjoy it. As we said during the launch party, the book is a memoir of my dad's life that will be passed on to generations of our family, but it is so much more than that. It is an accounting of a time few people know about: a book that reads like a page turning adventure novel rather than a history book. Wildly entertaining, full of suspense, humor, and intrigue, it shares perspective on current events, making it as relevant today as ever.
Thank you to all who supported this project. It truly has been a labor of love, and we are profoundly grateful to all who attended the launch, are reading the book, as well as the many people who are sharing these stories with others. It has been a very successful launch, and the interest in this book has been increasingly enthusiastic and positive thanks to each of you. It was so amazing to see you on May 4th for the once in a lifetime launch of this amazing project, and we love each and every one of you. Your support of our family and interest in this project are truly appreciated. What a great night! Sincere thanks to all who participated in the book launch, and we hope to see each of you very soon.